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Market Overview – Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan in January-June 2017

31.10.2017

In January-June, 2017, the volume of road transportation in/from Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan increased over the same period in the previous year. The volume of imports to Russia also increased, while the exports revealed a negative trend, which happened due to the reduction in the exports of commodities.

Market Exports during 6 months in 2016, tons Exports during 6 months in 2017, tons Export trend, % Export trend, tons Imports during 6 months in 2016, tons Imports during 6 months in 2017, tons Import trend, % Import trend, tons
Belarus 1627572 1854549 13.95% 226977 1432433 1534916 7.15% 102483
Kazakhstan 74393 87141 17.14% 12748 272052 314924 15.76% 42872
Russia 5306095 5106844 -3.76% -199251 4512471 5371331 19.03% 858860
Ukraine 2525541 2757379 9.18% 231838 2249722 2755170 22.47% 505448
9533601 9805913 2.86% 272312 8466678 9976341 17.83% 1509 663


 Major Trends

According to Eurostat, the volume of imports expressed in physical terms from the EU countries amounted to 9,976,341 tons in January-June 2017 showing an increase of 17.8% over the same period in 2016. The volume of exports totaled 9,805,913 tons in January-June 2017 with an increase of 2.9% over January-June 2016.

Market Overview

Ukraine

1. Dynamics of macro-indicators

Foreign trade statistics according to state agencies

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, foreign trade turnover between Ukraine and all the countries worldwide in January-June 2017 amounted to 43.2 billion dollars with an increase of 27.3% over January-June 2016, exports totaled 20.7 billion dollars (+24.2%) and imports amounted to 22.5 billion dollars (+30.2%).

Jan.-June 2016

Jan.-June 2017

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

Trade turnover, thousand US dollars

33 929 202

43 185 680

9 256 478

27.28%

Volume of imports, thousand US dollars

17 305 915

22 533 721

5 227 806

30.2%

Volume of exports, thousand US dollars

16 623 287

20 651 959

4 028 672

24.2%

Balance of foreign trade, thousand US dollars

-682 629

-1 881 762

-1 199 133

175.7%

 

Foreign trade turnover expressed in value terms amounted to 7.4 billion US dollars in June 2017 making an increase of 26.1% over June 2016, while exports grew by 16.4% and imports increased by 35.8% . From the total volume of trade in June 2017, 46.3% accounted for exports and 53.7% – for imports. The balance of foreign trade turnover was negative in June 2017 with -3.2 billion US dollars.

2. Dynamics of foreign trade (according to Eurostat, road transport)

According to Eurostat, the volume of imports expressed in physical terms to Ukraine from the countries of the European Union in January-June 2017 totaled 2,755,170 tons with an increase of 22.5% over January-June 2016. The volume of exports in January-June 2017 amounted to 2,757,379 tons making an increase of 9.2% over January-June 2016.

Ukraine’s major trading partners

The most important foreign trade partners of Ukraine among the EU countries in 2016 were Poland, Germany, the Netherlands, Romania, Italy, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria and Lithuania accounting for 85% of foreign trade turnover.

Speaking about the share of the major partners in foreign turnover in the period under review, 34% accounted for Poland, 15% – for Germany and 6% – for Romania.

Dynamics in cooperation between Ukraine and its major trading partners

Export trading partners’ ranking in the descending order from the largest share of the recipient country to the lowest

Ukraine’s trading partners (recipient countries)

Share of recipient countries in the overall export turnover

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

Poland

33%

58 341

10%

Germany

14%

26 869

11%

the Netherlands

8%

24 023

17%

Romania

8%

40 150

33%

Italy

6%

29 098

35%

the Czech Republic

4%

9 445

12%

Hungary

4%

16 809

25%

Slovakia

3%

1 999

3%

Lithuania

3%

13 360

28%

Austria

3%

3 404

7%

Bulgaria

3%

6 891

16%

Belgium

2%

4 736

16%

Latvia

1%

5 026

22%

France

1%

3 922

27%

Slovenia

1%

5 065

42%

 

Import trading partners’ ranking in the descending order from the largest share of the country of origin to the lowest

Ukraine’s trading partners (countries of origin)

Share of countries of origin in the overall import turnover

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

6 months in 2016 against 6 months in 2015

Poland

35%

97 375

15%

Germany

16%

36 020

12%

Hungary

6%

23 820

24%

Italy

5%

14 392

17%

Slovakia

4%

-3 115

-4%

the Czech Republic

4%

11 792

16%

Romania

4%

8 922

13%

the Netherlands

4%

5 613

8%

Belgium

3%

12 497

23%

Austria

3%

18 355

41%

Finland

3%

10 461

22%

France

3%

5 756

12%

Lithuania

2%

-453

-1%

Estonia

2%

4 049

15%

Sweden

1%

1 564

6%



  3. Changes in Ukraine’s commodity structure of export and import with EU countries

ukr01.jpg

Ukraine’s export commodity structure in January-June 2017 was dominated by woodworking industry, fast moving consumer goods, iron and steel industry followed by construction materials.

ukr02.jpg

The largest share in imports in January-June 2017 accounted for fast moving consumer goods, chemical industry, woodworking industry, rubber and plastics industry.

***

In January-June 2017 over January-June 2016, the largest growth in exports accounted for the commodity groups in the following sectors: woodworking industry 109,916 tons (+18%); fast moving consumer goods 71,372 tons (+14%); construction materials 58,476 tons (+40%); household appliances and electronics 17,344 tons (+27%); rubber and plastics industry 7,957 tons (+33%); chemical industry 5,189 tons (+7%); other goods 1,653 tons (+26%). Negative trend in export supplies was recorded in the following sectors: machine building and car industry 248 tons (-1%); iron and steel industry -9,072 (-3%).

A significant increase in imports occurred in chemical industry 81,586 tons (+23%), household appliances and electronics 56,700 tons (+31%), woodworking industry 43,835 tons (+16%), rubber and plastics industry 18,090 tons (+7%), iron and steel industry 15,599 tons (+9%), machine building and car industry 2,783 (+21%), other goods 619 (+13%). Negative increase was observed in fast moving consumer goods -25,122 tons (-5%) and construction materials -3,454 tons (-2%).

ukr03.jpg


Russia

1. Dynamics of macro-indicators

Foreign trade statistics according to state agencies

According to the Federal Customs Service, foreign trade turnover between Russia and all the countries worldwide in January-June 2017 amounted to 268.6 billion dollars with an increase of 28.1% over January-June 2016, exports totaled 167.6 billion dollars (+29.1%) and imports amounted to 101.1 billion dollars (+27.5%).

Jan.-June 2016

Jan.-June 2017

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

Trade turnover, thousand US dollars

209 656 000

268 634 000

58 978 000

28.1%

Volume of imports, thousand US dollars

79 248 000

101 069 100

21 821 100

27.5%

Volume of exports, thousand US dollars

129 782 000

167 564 900

37 782 900

29.1%

Balance of foreign trade, thousand US dollars

49 902 000

66 495 800

16 593 800

33.3%

 

Foreign trade turnover expressed in value terms amounted to 50.1 billion US dollars in June 2017 making an increase of 27.7% over June 2016, while exports grew by 24.2% and imports increased by 33.3% . From the total volume of trade in June 2017, 60% accounted for exports and 40% – for imports. The balance of foreign trade turnover was positive in June 2017 with +10 billion US dollars.

Trade turnover with the EU countries increased by 31% amounting to 117.8 billion US dollars (44% of Russia’s total trade turnover). Exports increased by 31% to 79.5 billion US dollars, and imports grew by 24% to 38.4 billion US dollars.

with the EU

with the EEU + Ukraine

Jan.-June 2017

Share in the overall turnover

Jan.-June 2017

Share in the overall turnover

Trade turnover, thousand US dollars

117 831 920

44%

29 954 202

11%

Volume of imports, thousand US dollars

38 350 773

38%

10 689 701

11%

Volume of exports, thousand US dollars

79 481 147

47%

19 264 502

11%

 

2. Dynamics of foreign trade (according to Eurostat, road transport)

According to Eurostat, the volume of imports expressed in physical terms to Russia from the countries of the European Union in January-June 2017 totaled 5,371,331 tons with an increase of 19% over January-June 2016. The volume of exports in January-June 2017 amounted to 5,106,844 tons decreasing by -3.8% over January-June 2016.

Russia’s major trading partners

The most important foreign trade partners of Russia among the EU countries in 2016 were Germany, Poland, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Latvia accounting for 80% of foreign trade turnover. It should be noted that there were changes in the geographical structure against the year 2016, so France did not hit the top 10 trading partners because of the reduction in exports.

Speaking about the share of the major partners in foreign turnover in the period under review, 21% accounted for Germany, 15% – for Poland and 12% – for Finland.

ru01.jpg

Dynamics in cooperation between Russia and its major trading partners

Export trading partners’ ranking in the descending order from the largest share of the recipient country to the lowest

Russia’s trading partners (recipient countries)

Share of recipient countries in the overall export turnover

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

Germany

16%

32 581

7%

Poland

16%

70 172

17%

Finland

11%

17 802

5%

Belgium

7%

147 056

177%

Lithuania

7%

28 371

16%

the Netherlands

6%

-389 932

-66%

Hungary

6%

171 742

564%

Estonia

4%

3 775

3%

Italy

4%

-1 042

-1%

the Czech Republic

4%

-1 939

-2%

Romania

4%

28 371

33%

Latvia

4%

13 365

14%

Spain

3%

88 482

610%

Slovakia

2%

5 913

13%

Bulgaria

1%

-11 266

-19%

 

Import trading partners’ ranking in the descending order from the largest share of the country of origin to the lowest

Russia’s trading partners (countries of origin)

Share of countries of origin in the overall import turnover

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

Germany

24%

133 693

14%

Poland

15%

145 781

26%

Finland

12%

61 747

12%

Italy

8%

61 078

21%

the Netherlands

5%

33 739

15%

Lithuania

5%

33 131

16%

France

4%

13 369

7%

the Czech Republic

4%

11 921

7%

Belgium

3%

15 617

11%

Sweden

3%

15 356

13%

Latvia

3%

33 019

33%

Austria

3%

8 377

7%

Hungary

2%

3 827

5%

Estonia

2%

15 688

25%

Romania

2%

1 168

2%

Spain

1%

6 812

11%

 

3. Changes in Russia’s commodity structure of export and import with EU countries

ru02.jpg

Russian exports in January-June 2017 were dominated by woodworking industry, chemical industry, iron and steel industry followed by rubber and plastics industry, construction materials, etc.

ru03.jpg

Russia’s import commodity structure in January-June 2017 was dominated by fast moving consumer goods, chemical industry, household appliances and electronics, rubber and plastics industry followed by woodworking industry, iron and steel industry, etc.

***

In January-June 2017 over January-June 2016, the largest growth in exports accounted for the commodity groups in the following sectors: woodworking industry 89,323 tons (+11%); construction materials 40,306 tons (+20%); rubber and plastics industry 26,603 tons (+9%); iron and steel industry 11,486 tons (+2%); machine building and car industry 3,518 tons (+32%); household appliances and electronics 1,670 tons (+3%); fast moving consumer goods 96 tons. Negative absolute increase in export was recorded in the following sectors: chemical industry -28,927 tons (-4%); other goods -709 tons (-15%).

A positive increase occurred in all import categories – household appliances and electronics 163,990 tons (+28%), fast moving consumer goods 149,688 tons (+17%), chemical industry 84,420 tons (+10%), iron and steel industry 77,366 (+26%), woodworking industry 63,127 (+12%), rubber and plastics industry 44,705 tons (+8%), machine building and car industry 32,425 tons (+25%), construction materials 28,039 tons (+11%), other goods 104 tons (+2%).

ru04.jpg


Belarus

1. Dynamics of macro-indicators

Foreign trade statistics according to state agencies

According to the State Customs Committee of Belarus, foreign trade turnover between Belarus and all the countries worldwide in January-June 2017 amounted to 29.1 billion dollars with an increase of 21% over the year 2016, exports totaled 13.6 billion dollars (+22.4% ) and imports amounted to 2.6 billion dollars (+19.9%).

Jan.-June 2016

Jan.-June 2017

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

Trade turnover, thousand US dollars

24 052 227

29 108 186

5 055 960

21.0%

Volume of imports, thousand US dollars

12 928 320

15 497 755

2 569 436

19.9%

Volume of exports, thousand US dollars

11 123 907

13 610 431

2 486 524

22.4%

Balance of foreign trade, thousand US dollars

-1 800 884

-1 887 324

-86 440

4.8%

 

Foreign trade turnover amounted to 5.4 billion US dollars in June 2017 making an increase of 16.5% over June 2016, while exports grew by 16.1% and imports increased by 16.9% . From the total volume of trade in June 2017, 47.47% accounted for exports and 52.3% – for imports. The balance of foreign trade turnover was -247.8 million US dollars.

Trade turnover with the EU countries increased by 12.2% amounting to 5.3 billion US dollars (22.5% of total trade turnover of the Republic of Belarus). Exports increased by 9.8% totaling 2.9 billion US dollars, and imports grew by 15.2% amounting to 2.4 billion US dollars. The balance was positive with +525.0 million US dollars.

with the EU

with the EEU + Ukraine

Jan.-June 2017

Share in the overall turnover

Jan.-June 2017

Share in the overall turnover

Trade turnover, thousand US dollars

5 300 000

18%

14 160 100

49%

Volume of imports, thousand US dollars

2 400 000

15%

7 748 300

50%

Volume of exports, thousand US dollars

2 900 000

21%

6 411 800

47%

 

2. Dynamics of foreign trade (according to Eurostat, road transport)

According to Eurostat, the volume of imports expressed in physical terms to Belarus from the countries of the European Union in January-June 2017 totaled 1,534,916 tons with an increase of 7.2% over January-June 2016. The volume of exports in January-June 2017 amounted to 1,854,549 tons making an increase of 14% over January-June 2016.

Major trading partners of the Republic of Belarus

The most important foreign trade partners of Belarus among the EU countries in the first half of 2017 were Poland, Germany, the Netherlands, Lithuania, the Czech Republic, Latvia, the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium, Romania and Austria accounting for 91% of foreign trade turnover.

Speaking about the share of the major partners in foreign turnover in the period under review, 37% accounted for Poland, 20% – for Germany and 15% – for Lithuania.

by01.jpg

Dynamics in cooperation between Belarus and its major trading partners

Export trading partners’ ranking in the descending order from the largest share of the recipient country to the lowest

Trading partners of Belarus (recipient countries)

Share of recipient countries in the overall export turnover

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

6 months in 2016 against 6 months in 2015

Poland

36%

67 969

21%

Germany

23%

15 271

7%

Lithuania

14%

20 117

16%

the Czech Republic

4%

726

2%

Latvia

4%

-11 748

-22%

the Netherlands

4%

6 884

21%

Romania

3%

7 608

37%

Belgium

2%

1 049

4%

Italy

2%

-1 881

-10%

Hungary

1%

4 750

44%

Austria

1%

2 709

21%

 

Import trading partners’ ranking in the descending order from the largest share of the country of origin to the lowest

Trading partners of Belarus (countries of origin)

Share of countries of origin in the overall import turnover

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

6 months in 2016 against 6 months in 2015

Poland

38%

-7 680

-3%

Lithuania

17%

-3 253

-3%

Germany

15%

21 782

29%

Italy

4%

7 393

42%

Latvia

3%

6 293

61%

the Czech Republic

3%

2 908

22%

the Netherlands

2%

4 765

43%

Finland

2%

4 530

45%

Belgium

2%

-1 864

-11%

Estonia

2%

3 194

32%

Austria

2%

-1 101

-10%

France

2%

1 542

18%

Slovakia

1%

836

10%

Hungary

1%

1 035

14%

Sweden

1%

1 340

28%

 

3. Changes in Belarus commodity structure of export and import with EU countries

by02.jpg

Belarusian exports in January-June 2017 were dominated by woodworking industry and iron and steel industry followed by fast moving consumer goods, construction materials, etc.

by03.jpg

Belarusian imports in January-June 2017 can be represented in the following descending order by volume – fast moving consumer goods, rubber and plastics industry, chemical industry (15.8%) followed by woodworking industry, , household appliances and electronics, etc.

***

In January-June 2017 over January-June 2016, the export of wood products increased by 100,684 tons (+23%), chemical products 19,270 tons (+47%), construction materials 16,473 (+24%), fast moving consumer goods 1,561 tons (+2%), rubber and plastics products 1,106 tons (+3%). The decrease was recorded in export of other goods with -320 tons (-9%), products of machine building and car industry with -413 tons (-13%), household appliances and electronics -2,444 tons (-17%), iron and steel products -18,835 tons (-8%).

Import of fast moving consumer goods increased to 31,840 tons (+23%), household appliances and electronics – to 20,595 tons (+44%), rubber and plastics products – to 19,269 tons (+23%), chemical products – to 16,077 tons (+19%), wood products – to 14,171 tons (+32%), iron and steel products to 5,970 tons (+13%), products of machine building and car industry – to 4,593 tons (+45%), other products – to 173 tons (+23%). There was a decrease in imports of construction materials -8,842 tons (-10%).

by04.jpg


Kazakhstan

1. Dynamics of macro-indicators

Foreign trade statistics according to state agencies

According to the State Statistics Service of Kazakhstan, foreign trade turnover between Kazakhstan and all the countries worldwide in January-June 2017 amounted to 36.6 billion dollars with an increase of 30.5% over January-June 2016, exports totaled 23.1 billion dollars (+37.4%) and imports amounted to 13.5 billion dollars (+20.2%).

Jan.-June 2016

Jan.-June 2017

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

Trade turnover, thousand US dollars

28 078 000

36 641 400

8 563 400

30.5%

Volume of imports, thousand US dollars

11 243 100

13 513 100

2 270 000

20.2%

Volume of exports, thousand US dollars

16 834 900

23 128 300

6 293 400

37.4%

Balance of foreign trade, thousand US dollars

5 591 800

9 615 200

4 023 400

72.0%

 

Foreign trade turnover amounted to 6.7 billion US dollars in June 2017 making an increase of 34.4% over June 2016, while exports grew by 36.2% and imports increased by 31.5% . From the total volume of trade in June 2017, 61.4% accounted for exports and 38.6% – for imports. The balance of foreign trade turnover was positive with +1.5 billion US dollars.

Trade turnover with the EU countries increased by 30% amounting to 14.7 billion US dollars (40% of Kazakhstan’s total trade turnover). Exports increased by 41% to 12 billion US dollars, while imports decreased by -2% to 2.7 billion US dollars.

 

with the EU

with the EEU + Ukraine

with China

 

Jan.-June 2017

Share in the overall turnover

Jan.-June 2017

Share in the overall turnover

Jan.-June 2017

Share in the overall turnover

Trade turnover, thousand US dollars

14 733 263

40%

2 911 899

8%

4 881 935

13%

Volume of imports, thousand US dollars

2 699 187

20%

1 068 753

8%

2 112 618

16%

Volume of exports, thousand US dollars

12 034 076

52%

1 843 146

8%

2 769 317

12%

 

2. Dynamics of foreign trade (according to Eurostat, road transport)

According to Eurostat, the volume of imports expressed in physical terms to Kazakhstan from the countries of the European Union in January-June 2017 totaled 314,924 tons with an increase of 15.8% over January-June 2016. The volume of exports in January-June 2017 amounted to 87,141 tons making an increase of 17.1% over January-June 2016.

Kazakhstan’s major trading partners

The most important Kazakhstan’s foreign trade partners among the EU countries in 2016 were Germany, Poland, Italy, Lithuania, France, the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic and Spain accounting for 87% of foreign trade turnover.

Speaking about the share of the major partners in foreign turnover in the period under review, 25% accounted for Germany, 19% – for Poland and 9% – for Italy.

kz01.jpg

Dynamics in cooperation between Kazakhstan and its major trading partners

Export trading partners’ ranking in the descending order from the largest share of the recipient country to the lowest

Trading partners of Kazakhstan (recipient countries)

Share of recipient countries in the overall export turnover

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

Poland

31%

5 116

25%

Germany

23%

3 730

25%

France

15%

2 931

32%

Greece

5%

4 093

0%

the Czech Republic

4%

354

11%

Italy

4%

-2 558

-43%

Belgium

3%

623

30%

Lithuania

3%

-606

-22%

Spain

2%

1 263

197%

Estonia

2%

1 044

239%

the Netherlands

1%

-986

-45%

Austria

1%

-797

-42%

 

Import trading partners’ ranking in the descending order from the largest share of the country of origin to the lowest

Trading partners of Kazakhstan (countries of origin)

Share of countries of origin in the overall import turnover

Absolute increase

Rate of increase

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

6 months in 2017 against 6 months in 2016

Germany

26%

10 213

25%

Poland

14%

3 207

13%

Italy

11%

-3 044

-12%

Lithuania

11%

5 857

37%

the Netherlands

6%

-4 455

-27%

Austria

5%

3 473

52%

France

4%

-2 403

-22%

Belgium

3%

-531

-7%

the Czech Republic

3%

1 305

31%

Slovenia

2%

-2 470

-35%

Hungary

2%

1 446

53%

the UK

2%

920

32%

Latvia

2%

1 326

57%

Spain

2%

-809

-19%

Romania

1%

669

35%

 

3. Changes in Kazakhstan’s commodity structure of export and import with EU countries

kz02.jpg

Kazakh exports in January-June 2017 were dominated by fast moving consumer goods followed by chemical industry, iron and steel industry, etc.

kz03.jpg

Kazakh imports in January-June 2017 were dominated by fast moving consumer goods, chemical industry, household appliances and electronics, iron and steel industry, rubber and plastics industry.

***

A positive increase occurred in exports expressed in physical terms occurred in the following categories: fast moving consumer goods 10,031 tons (+24%), chemical industry 4,484 tons (+52%), other goods 432 tons (29%), machine building and car industry 176 tons (+77%), rubber and plastics industry 156 tons (+318%), construction materials 103 tons (+3%). The decrease was recorded in woodworking industry -14 tons (-74%), household appliances and electronics -315 tons (-39%), iron and steel industry -1,273 tons (-11%).

Import of fast moving consumer goods increased to 7,759 tons (+24%), chemical products – to 4,095 tons (+11%), wood products – to 4,009 tons (+49%), household appliances and electronics – to 3,815 tons (+11%), rubber and plastics products – to 2,130 tons (+14%), products of machine building and car industry – to 1,181 tons (+18%), other goods – to 8 tons (+11%). There was a decrease in imports of construction materials -3,170 tons (-18%) and iron and steel products -5,638 (-19%).

kz04.jpg


The overview has been prepared by the Marketing Department of TELS Group of companies, according to data from Eurostat for information purposes.


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